State of North Carolina
Zeta Phi Beta Sorority, Incorporated
Zeta Phi Beta Sorority, Inc. was founded January 16, 1920, at Howard University, Washington, D.C. During this period, the Klan was very active, yet the Harlem Renaissance blossomed and is commonly acknowledged as the first important movement of Black artists and writers in the U.S. This same year, the Volstead Act became effective, heralding the start of Prohibition and Tennessee delivered the crucial 36th ratification for the final adoption of the 19th amendment giving women the right to vote. The worst and longest economic recession to hit the U.S. would define the end of the decade-The Great Depression.
It was within this environment that five coeds envisioned a sorority which would directly affect positive change, chart a course of action for the 1920s and beyond, raise the consciousness of their people, encourage the highest standards of scholastic achievement, and foster a greater sense of unity among its members. These women believed that sorority elitism and socializing overshadowed the real mission for progressive organizations, and failed to fully address the societal mores, ills, prejudices, and poverty affecting humanity in general and the Black community in particular.
The Founders of Zeta Phi Beta were five collegiate students of Howard University. They are known to the members of the sorority as "The Five Pearls."
Arizona Cleaver (Stemons): Arizona Cleaver was the first President of Alpha Chapter and the first National President of Zeta Phi Beta Sorority. She completed her graduate and post-graduate studies in the field of Social Work and was responsible for chartering numerous undergraduate and graduate chapters throughout the United States.
Myrtle Tyler (Faithful): Myrtle Tyler was the second National President of Zeta Phi Beta Sorority and blood sister to Viola Tyler. A high school Mathematics and English teacher, Founder Tyler was an active member of Alpha Zeta chapter in Baltimore, Maryland.
Viola Tyler (Goings): Viola Tyler graduated from Howard University with a teaching degree and a major in Math. She taught school in Ohio for many years and was always very active in community affairs.
Fannie Pettie (Watts): Fannie Pettie graduated from Howard with a Bachelor of Arts degree in Education and taught in junior and senior high schools in Savannah, Georgia. She was credited with organizing two additional Zeta chapters and had active membership in Delta Alpha Zeta chapter.
Pearl Anna Neal: After graduating from Howard University's Conservatory of Music, Founder Neal continued her studies at the Juilliard School of Music. In 1938, she was the first black woman in New York to earn a Master's degree in Music from Columbia University. An extremely accomplished musician, Founder Neal taught music in North Carolina public schools and served as a director of seniors majoring in Music at Teachers College in Winston-Salem, NC.
Since its inception, Zeta has continued its steady climb into the national spotlight with programs designed to demonstrate concern for the human condition, both nationally and internationally. The organization has been innovative in that it has chronicled a number of firsts. It was the first National Pan-Hellenic Council organization to centralize its operations in a national headquarters, first to charter a chapter in Africa, first to form auxiliary groups, and first to be constitutionally bound to a fraternity, Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, Inc. The sorority takes pride in its continued participation in transforming communities through volunteer services provided by its members and its auxiliaries. Zeta Phi Beta has chartered hundreds of chapters worldwide and has a membership of 100,000+.
Zeta's national and local programs include the endowment of its National Educational Foundation, community outreach services, and support of multiple affiliate organizations. Zeta chapters and auxiliaries have given untold hours of voluntary service to educate the public, assist youth, provide scholarships, support organized charities, and promote legislation for social and civic change.
As the Sorority moves toward its centennial year, it retains its original zest for excellence. It espouses the highest academic ideals and that has resulted in its members serving in groundbreaking roles in all fields and endeavors. Zeta Phi Beta Sorority, Inc. is poised for perpetual service to mankind into its second century and beyond.